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Full text of "Superintendents of the Yellowstone National Parks Monthly Report, April 1918"

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 

YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 

E OF THE SUPERINTENDENT 

Copy from FILE 143. 



7HLY RCPORT 

for 
April, 1918 






COPY FOR 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 



DODB 



Superintendent. 

Key 9, 1918. 



The Director, 

national Park Service, 
Washington, D. C. 

Sir i 

I hare the honor to submit my report of conditions Is 
the park for the month of April, 1918 i 



The Tello.;etone national Park waa eet aalde by et of 
Congress March 1, 1872, (Sees. 2474 and 2475, S. S., 17 
Stat*, 82) as a pleaauring-ground for the benefit and enjoy- 
ment of the people, and olaoed under the ezoluslre oontrol 
ef the Seoretary of the interior, «bo was authorised to 
aake such roles and regulations as he deems necessary for 
the eare and management of the park. It Is situated 
principally In northwestern Wyoming, hut laps ever a little 
■ere than two miles Into Montana on the north, and almost 
two miles Into Montana and Idaho en the west. Its dimensions 
are about 62 miles north and south, and about 54 miles east 
and west, giving an area of about 3,948 square miles, or 
2,142,720 acres. Its altitude la 6,000 to 11.000 feet. 

The park was governed by civilian superintendents, 
asalated by a few aoouta, from the time It waa set aalde 
until ugust 10, 1886, ./hen, under authority contained In 
the Sundry Civil BUI, approved March 3, 1883, at the 
request of the Seoretary ef the Interior, the seoretary of 
War detailed troops of United States Cavalry to protect the 

K, the commanding off leer acting ae park superintendent 
r the dlreot orders of the Secretary of the Interior. 
On October 16, 1916, by mutual agreement of the heads of the 
two Departments, the troops were withdrawn from the park and 
a civilian superintendent, with a corns of 25 ranger a for 
patrol and protection work, and a few civilian employees 
necessary for other duties, were appointed by the secretary 

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 

YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 



■ICE OF SUPERVISOR 



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of the Interior to replace them. Ihe Sundry CiTil Bill, 
approved Jane 12, 1917, (Public Ho. 21, 65th Congress} con- 
tained a olanse which made it necessary for the troops to he 
returned to the park for the purpose of patrolling it, and 
they were returned on June 26, 1917, relieving the park 
superintendent of so much of the duties as pertained to 
"protection.'' 

She maintenance and construction of roads, bridges and 
improvements in Tel lows tone Park, is carried on by special 
appropriation under the War Department, the work being 
locally in charge of an officer of the U. S. Engineer Depart- 
ment, known as the District Engineer Officer, who reports 
directly to the Chief of Engineers, although his orders 
direct him to report to the Park Superintendent for duty. 
278.8 miles of main road and 24.75 miles of secondary road 
are located in the park, and 106.5 miles of main road are 
maintained by the sane department in the forest reserves 
adjoining the park on the south and east. Major George E. 
Verrill, Engineers, D. S. Reserves, is at the present time 
in charge of improvement work in the park, as District 
Engineer. A copy of his report for the month of April is 
appended hereto. 

The local offloe of the D. S. Weather Bureau, Department 
of Agriculture, is in charge of Or. 0. S. Lawton, Observer. 

Park He adquarters for all departments and most of the 
concessioners, is located at Mammoth Hot Springs. A telephone 
system connects Headquarters with the sub-stations. A hydro- 
electric power plant furnishes the light for the buildings and 
grounds at Headquarters. Water, electric current, and tele- 
phone service tn furnished other departments of the govern- 
ment in the park, by the national Park Service, without charge. 
During April the hydro-electric power plant was run daily 
from 4.00 P.M. until 8.00 A. H. , and was continued during the 
day when any necessity existed. 

Funds for purposes of administration of the park, and 
for the care and maintenance of buffalo and other animals, 
are obtained from special appropriations by Congress, and 
from revenues derived from various sources in the park. 



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CE OF SUPERVISOR 



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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 



Am temperature during April was 4.1 belc* normal. Pbe 
lowest temperature recorded during the month waa 8 degrees 
abOTe Zero, on the 2d. 13.6 Inehes of snow fell, being 5.6 
inches greater than normal. B sa n aa d to water, the total 
precioltation for the snath was 1.59 Inehes, or .21 inohes 
more than normal for April. The snow that fell was well dis- 
tributed and mostly melted as fast as it ease, so there was 
none remaining on the ground at Kaanoth Hot Springs at the 
end of the month, exoeot in drifts on the north side of the 
hills, ftenerally speaking, the weather was rsw, giving the 
Impression of a backward spring. But the snow at various 
park stations was less than usual at the end of ipril, as It 
was not specially heavy during the ..inter, and melted con- 
siderably in larch, and the prospects for opening aost of 
the roads from snow before the end of May seem excellent. 
Some of the employees of the Yellowstone Park transportation 
Conroany shoveled out the big drift in Golden it.ce so a motor 
ear was able to go through the Crate on Hay 1st. Botwithstani- 
ing the cold, raw weather that prevailed during the month, 
■any of the days were warm enough so that the jrass get a 
good atart, and the wild animals found an a bun d anc e of forage 
en the lower slopes of the hills and mountains. 



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A total ofZae permanent and * temporary regular employees 
were carried on the pay roll during the month of April, namely: 
one chief olerk (Aoting Superintendent) , -ewe clerks, one 
chief scout, nfSe scouts, one buffalo keeper, one assistant 
buffalo keeper, v two telephone switchboard operators, one 
lineman, one electrician, one assistant electrician, one 
laborer, uaw laiimi iiji p lwa b s r . (1st to 10th) one plumber, 
(11th to 30th) one temporary assistant electrician. 

(One clerk waa carried from the 1st to the 22d: one 
scout from the 1st to the 15th; one plumber from the 1st to 
the 10th; one member from the 11th to the 30th.) 

In addition to the above, towards the end of the month 
a crew of one foreman, 2 packers, and 7 laborers was organised 
to begin the work of constructing a firelane between Gardiner, 
Montana, up the north ban: of the Yellowstone River to Slough 
Creek. Pack transportation was hired to keep this crew 
supplied and move the camp. 



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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. 



"ICE OF SUPERVISOR 






Distribution - regular employees: Chief Scout He Bride 
patrolled in the vicinity of Headquarters and along the 
Yellowstone Hirer, in the interests of the wild animals, 
and went over the lovmr part of the route of the proposed 
firelane with the foreran, preliminary to making a permanent 
location. He was assisted in patrolling by Soouts Smith and 
Laweon, and they also put in eereral days policing the 
grounds in toe vicinity of the buildings used as stables cat 
store rooms, which vers left in had oondition by the troops 
Of the 7th Cavalry, last fall. Considerable assistance was 
also given to the military force in policing the grounds 
about the post. Soout Pound was engaged practically the 
..hole month In the blacksmith shop, repairing and overhauling 
motor transportation, wagons and tools. Up to the time when 
he felt obliged to ask for a layoff (April 15th), so as to 
ears for his ranch and do the seeding, Soout uiderson patrolled 
along the north line of the park east from Gardiner, and 
assisted the forest rangers in that vicinity in .vatching for 
p oa c hers . Soout Deling patrolled from Gardiner, west, along 
the line, during the early part of the month, and later in 
the vicinity of Soda Butte and the Buffalo Farm, making a 
specialty of hunting for wolves and coyotes. Soout Lasombe 
remained on duty at Power Palls Station, and patrolled that 
region constantly. Scout Little returned on pril 7th from 
a long snowshoe trip to Pelican Creek and Lamar Elver, 
patrolled within a radios of ten miles from Headquarters 
April 8th to 19th, and on the 20th left for another trip to 
Upper Lamar River via Sowar Falls and Soda Butte. Soout 
Brooks, who left for a long patrol to the southern part of 
the park on March 25th, is still patrolling that region, and 
has covered the territory in the vicinity of Snake fiiver and 
Beehler Stations thoroughly. 

Chief Soout i!c Bride and Soouts Dewing, Smith and Lawson 
also assisted Mr. F. M. Dills, a representative of the U. S. 
Biological Survey, in capturing six blacktail deer in the 
vicinity of iiacmoth Hot Springs, which he shipped to the 
Montana Bison Bangs on April 5th, under authority of March 
Uth. 

She buffalo keeper and his assistant ware on duty at the 
buffalo farm en Lamar River, earing for the buffalo, which 
are beginning to calve, and preparing for regular spring 

of seeding, repairing fenoes, and irrigating ditches, 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 
CE OF SUPERVISOR 

etc. Sine* April 19th an Irrigator has been employed there 
getting the fields and ditches in Shape for proper irrigating, 
and assisting in general policing and ranch eortc. Other 
employees sere on duty at Headquarters, maintaining and 
operating telephone lines, water system and poeer plant, 
buildings, etc., and earing for domestic animals in use, and 
those heiag wintered on hay 

i^» a of absenec: following leaves of absence were 
granted during the month of April: 

Chester k. Idndsley, chief cleric, 1st to 2d (noon) ; 

V Charles J. Smith, scout, 19th (noon) to 21st, and 

from 25th to 28th: «£- days. 

Boy J. Prasier, assistant buffalo keeper, 2d to 7th 
(noon) and 26th to 28th; 7 days* 

C. A. ile Einley Mason, telephone switchboard operator, 
extension annual leave account sickness, 19th to 23d; 5 days. 

S. A. Allan, lineman, 16th (noon) to 16th (noon); 2 
days. 

Henry 0. D»Ewart, laborer, 27th to 30th (noon) ; 2tk days. 

Appointment s H. H. Jones was appointed plumber, effective 
April 11th, per Department's authority Kerch 22, 1918, at a 
salary of $1200 per annum. 

Beslgnatlons ; Henry Anderson, scout, $1200 per annum, 
resigned effective at the olose of April 15th. 

George 7. Dustman, clerk, furloughed at the close of 
April 22d, account being drafted into the service of the 
United States at his own request. 

g aaajs j ajaj At the close of April 30th there were the 
following vacancies: ^assistant electrician at -J1200 per 
annua; 1 lineman at lim.ftft per annum; and 1 clerk at ;1200 

per annum. 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. 



FICE OF SUPERVISOR 



Daring the month employees of this offloe 
War Strings Stamps to the Talus of Y 128. 65, and" Third Liberty 
loan Bonds to tho Tains of ,6,650.00. Liberal subscriptions 
were also made to Bod Cross 



A combined ploture show and danoe we* hold In tho rost 
Exchange on April 19th, generally participated in by all 
residents of ths rark and Gardiner, ehloh netted a sua of 
approximately .200.00, ehloh eaa donated to tho — »r1— led 
Cross, through toe Yellowstone -ark Branch of too Park 
County (Montana) Chapter. 



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driTlng, saddle and pack animals as were 
for regular work sad feeding game, wore kept up and fed 



grain. Surplus horses wore kept on alfalfa hog at 



Preparations are being made to turn out all sur Ons 
*» eTono as soon so practicable to do so. 

qRAzrua nr fl^g park . 






has melted away from anon of tho boot graalng 
along the north lino of too park, and tho graalng 
for wild animals was excellent during tho greater next of the 
Month. Ho domestic animals wore grsood in tho park daring 
*■» "wnto, except a few gorernmont animals, occasionally , In 
- Tlolnlty of tho stations that are oocuoled. 



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Bo forest fires occurred. So far as I know, no stops 
hare boon taken to replace too Gallatin soldier station ehloh 
was destroyed by fire on March 10th. 

fwawV 

At times tho fishing woo excellent In the Gardiner Hirer 
below tho mouth of Boiling Hirer, and was enjoyed by a few 
local residents. 



CE OF SUPERVISOR 



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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. 



She Yellowstone Parte transportation Company continued 
In service a few mechanics overhauling the motor carB pre- 
paratory to the opening of the park aeaaon, and also began 
work of Improving one of the old buildings at Mannoth 
formerly need a3 a storage building for grain, for use of 
wortaen as a mess house at times whan the hotels are not 
running. 

2he Yellowstone Park Hotel Company began work of improv- 
ing and cultivating its garden tract on Gardiner River. Iwo 
Chinamen were engaged on this work during the entire month 
of April. 

Ihe U. S. Engineer Department worked a cress: all the 
month on the old road hetwoan Mammoth Hot Springs and Gardiner, 
getting it ready for use as an emergency road in ease the 
"Gardiner Slide 1 ' completely closes the regular road, and also 
did some slight repairs in the way of draining and smoothing 
the roads in the vicinity of Manmoth Hot Springs. 

Material was purchased for repairing the roof to the 
annex to the Power Plant, painting the oonorete floor in 
the olant, and painting the pipe line leading from the reser- 
voir to the plant, lest of this work can probably be done 
hy the regular employees. 

Arrangements are in progress for continuing the telephone 
line construction work between Bamaoth and the Buffalo Farm, 
TSfciefc was in progress when winter set in, and poles are now 
being out for the purpose. Arrangements are also In progress 
for procuring labor and seed for continuing the seeding of 
meadows to supply hay for animals in the park. 

Beport of monies collected, transmitted, due, etc., made 
en the blank forms provided for the purpose, are inclosed 
herewith as a part of this report. 

At Mammoth Hot Springs it is noted that "Hymen Zerrace ', 
located just above the U. S. commissioner's residence, 



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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 

-ICE OF SUPERVISOR 

usually s very beautiful terrace, is nearly dry. The over- 
flow from the Mala Springs, which for the past year has been 
flowing over mostly on the north side of the terraoc, oeerao 
to he working back to its old location, over Jupiter Terrace, 
dose to the road opposite the reservoir. 

VISITORS . 

Only one visitor same in at the northern entrance for 
a trip to Saataoth and vicinity. Two men, residents of Yellow- 
v stone, Montana, came through to the northern entrance looking 

for work, with special permission with a dog team and sledge, 
about the and of April. 

Special visitors were recorded as follows: 

Hr. £• H. Moorman, an official of the Yellowstone t>ark 
Camping Company, visited llasmoth Hot Springs on the company »s 
business, on April 20th. 

Lieut. Colonel J. F. Kreps, U.S. Army, Inspector General 
of the . estern Department, .~ith his field cleric, visited 
tort Yellowstone on an official tour of inspection on April 
27th, and made a second trip May 1st to 5th* 

BstJMsV 

itfc the exoeption of the north-vest corner where the wild 
animals are now mostly outside of the park, patrols were made 
covering most of the territory frequented by elk, deer, 
antelope, and mountain sheep, and all reports indicate that 
these animals wintered in excellent shape, considerably 
better than normal. A few of the young animals have been 
found dead, mostly some that sere naturally weak and died 
from exposure to the cold, wet storms of the spring months, 
or killed by wolves, lions or foyotes. hile m definite 
count has been ramie, I can see no reason from the reports 
turned In to me, why there should not have been an increase 
of from 20 to 40£ among these animals during the past year. 



Elk ; There are still about 1,500 elk outside of the 
park, down the valley of the fellows tone River, as nearly as 
I can determine from reports of the forest rangers stationed 
there. Scout Dewing reports about 7,000 seen on his patrols 
up Yellowstone River from Gardiner to Soda Butte; and finding 



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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. 
ICE OF SUPERVISOR 



T killed by wolves. Steve KUdns, who was hunting lions, and 
Donald Stevenson, Predatory Animal Hunter for too U. S. 
Biologioal -furvey, who hat bean la the park since April 23d, 
traveling together, reported about ,500 elk be t ween Hell- 
roaring and Slough Creeks, and the finding of the oareaaaas 
of six that bad been silled by wives. Soout Iaoen b s reports 
slightly over 4,000 elk in his dristiot at ^o.ver ^alls. 
thaae are the largest mutters reported, but cover cmly a 
portion of the ecuntry frequented by elk. 

V Una bull elk waa shipped, orated, to Mexico, Missouri, on 
April 16th, by authority of April 11, 1918, to replaee one 
that «as shipped early in the winter and died soon after its 
arrival. 



ff fffn^ m. The taoe buffalo are in excellent condition, 
and grass has started to saoh an extent that it is net necei 
to feed them hay. Six oelves acre bean born in the hard to 
data. Samples of the stonaoh eontents of an aborted calf as 
forwarded to the Bureau of Asia*! Industry, • aahingten, D. C, 
for examination, an aprll 9th. 



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aoout Little returned to lamer River April ?0tfc to Oth, 
and sea twelve wild buffalo on his trip. Be reports that 
they wintered well. 

Dear : Soout Dewing saw about ^00 deer during the month. 
One blaektail fawn waa killed by accident near the kltohen 
of the post hospital an April 14th. 






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Six blaoktail deer, oonsistlng of 3 adult females, 1 
female and 2 mala fawns, were oaotured by Mr. F. M. Dllle, 
representing the 0. S. Biological Survey, with assistance 
of our eoouts, and shinned on April. 6th to the Msetbsaa Bison 
Range, under your authority of Kerch 14, 1918. 



Iffff ^p, gfreep i .bout 70 mountain sheet) were seen during 
the month, and their condition was excellent. Vbile insneet- 
ing the (tardiner Slide conditions with Mr. Seaborn on May 7th, 
we saw a flock of 14 fine raas on Mount Everts. 






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Coyotes ; nineteen ooyotes -ere killed during the month. 

■ olves : Nineteen wolves ,ere killed during the month, 
16 of them by Jx. Stave Slklns, 2 by Soout Dewing, and 1 by 



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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. 



ICE OF SUPERVISOR 



Mr. Donald Stevenson, a pred a tory animal banter representing 
the Biologies! Surrey. There ere indications of many nore 
wolves on Specimen Ridge sad Hellroaring, and Stevenson and 
are still hunting 



lWTltVn Lions : Ellrlns reported killing five mountain 
lions, making 22 In all that have been killed in the park 
during the past winter. 

JiMO. SASH. 0> flAMB. 

Bo eases of poaohing in the park, er In the forest 
adjoining, were reported daring the 



^m-KHTa jjjp. tiolatioms a£ jbh ^_. 






Be violations of the law were reported, and no arrests 
sade, daring the month. Typewritten copies of the latest 
park regulations were received, and were distributed to park 
employees and to the Ccnmandlng Officer of troops, by cir- 
cular letter of transmittal dated April 16th, copy herewith. 
Steps were also taken to discourage the introduction of In- 
toxicants into the park, by any one, for any purpose. 

Completion of the loeational and piotorial Index of 
structures sad Improvements in the park, as suggested In 
letter of June 15, 1917. Seas progress was made en this 
early in the month of April, but sines Clerk Dustman left sad 
his piece has net as yet been filled, our office work, .hioh 
has not been caught up to date far at least a year, le still 
further behind. Steps have been taken to fill the vacancy at 
the earliest practicable date. 



Special care of wild and domestic animals, and destruction 
of carnivorous animals. Arraagemeats are being made to turn 
out all surplus horses not needed for immediate work, as seea 
as grazing is adequate for them. 

Repair and maintenance of telephone lines, and con- 
tinuation of the construction of a new line between mammoth 
and Soda Butte. Hen are already engaged in getting eat the 
poles for this line. 



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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. 
CE OF SUPERVISOR 

Repair and maintenance of water ayttea, and hydro- 
electric power plant. Material la on hand for painting the 
, concrete floor in the power plant, for repairing the roof to 
1 the annex, aad for painting the pipe line between the reser- 
roir aad the power plant, and thia work will he done ae aoon 
aa the weather oonditlona will permit. 



Continuation of oonatructlng flrelaneo. A crew la 
already in the field oonetrocting a flrelane north of the 
Yellowstone River between Oardlner and Sloogh Creek. 



Cutting oat and marking portiona of the north, weat and 
eaat boundary lines of the park. One crew baa already been 
pot in the field working eaat en the north line from Oardlner, 
and additional crews will be pot en If It la practicable to 
get the men when the weather oonditlona are suitable. 



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Cultivation of land for raiaing hay for wild animals. 
3he work of taking op and eoltlTatlng the alfalfa field at 
Gardiner la already In pregreas, and arrangements are being 
made to eontinae the .*>rk began last soaaar ea Lamar River 
near the Buffalo ran. 

Purchase and Installation of signs. Bids for material 
for making wooden signs, aad for posts for them hare been 
solicited from here to the - aclfio Coaat, and thus far no 
satisfactory bids hare been received, the question of 
these signs looks very disooursglng, aad it may b 
to give the aatter op entirely, or let a contract for metal 



Plana are on foot for construction of suitable gate.aya 
to mark the entrances of the park, bat no work in thia line 




has been accomplished. 

Considerable time has been spent In looking over the 
sad reporting of the various pr oposed locations of a 
»th Hot Springs and Oardlner to eliminate 
Slide. ■ 

Tory respectfully, 

CaBMU k UDD8UET 

Acting Sopor lntendent. 
Inolo surest 

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